Income Tax Rebate On Home Loans In India Tax Deduction Benefits On Interest As Well As Principle Payment
We all know that tax breaks are available for home loan borrowers, but how many of us are aware that there is a proper procedure to be followed to claim these benefits. To be precise, it requires the necessary documents to be in place before one seeks the tax benefits.
Keshav, 28, is a first-time loan taker. He is earning an annual salary of Rs 5 lakh and has just bought a small two bedroom flat with a floating rate loan of Rs 6 lakh for a period of 15 years at an interest rate of 10.5 per cent. He has taken the loan in January, this year and is concerned about the tax benefits that will be available for him. He is wondering how he will actually be able to get the benefits and what kind of paperwork will be involved.
A home loan comes with income tax benefits, a feature considered significant by many home loan seekers. However, to avail these benefits a borrower needs to furnish some documents which are also necessary in the servicing of the entire loan.
What tax benefits are available to Keshav?
For Keshav, tax benefits will be available for both the interest as well as the capital components of the loan. On the interest part, a sum up to Rs 1.5 lakh is allowed as a deduction under Section 24 for a self-occupied property. This will be calculated under the head of 'income from house property'.
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There are a couple of possibilities in terms of the ownership of a house property. When the buyer stays in the same house it is a self-occupied property and income from such a property is considered to be nil. The actual interest paid is reduced from the income till a sum of Rs 1,50,000 and since the income in this case is nil any interest paid will result in a loss for the individual. This loss can be adjusted against other income like 'income earned from salaries'. If the property is jointly held then the benefit will be split according to the share of the owners in the property. But joint ownership requires that the initial payment for the purchase of the property and the regular equated monthly instalments are paid by the joint owner in the proportion of their shares.
In case of a rented property, the rent earned is the income. Even if there is no income earned then there is a notional figure calculated as income for income tax purposes. The interest paid on a loan is then reduced from this income. The big difference for the individual in this case is that there is no limit of interest that is allowed as a deduction, so a figure even higher than Rs 1,50,000 will be available as a benefit.
The benefit on capital repayment is allowed as a deduction under Section 80C, where this will be a part of the overall limit of Rs 1 lakh. This is present for both owners of properties which are self occupied as well as those that are let out to others.
What are the documents that Keshav requires to produce?
To avail tax benefits, Keshav will have to initially get a provisional statement from the lending institution, covering the repayment of the loan. This statement is given at the start of the year or when the loan is taken for the first year; it gives a provisional figure regarding the break-up of the interest and the capital paid during the year.
In this case, the Equated Monthly Instalment (EMI) of Keshav is Rs 6,632, so for the 3 months of the financial year the total amount repaid will be Rs 19,896.
This statement can be used by Keshav to ensure a deduction under both heads – interest and capital – that can be possibly claimed especially if he is a salaried person and has to make the necessary investment declaration for the purpose of tax deduction.
This document has to be submitted along with the income tax return, and the various claims made in the return then have to tally with the figure so that the exact benefit for the year that has just passed can be claimed. Without this document, Keshav will not be able to get the necessary tax benefit.
Read : Tax Guide
Is there any other document?
Depending upon the type of loan – fixed or floating – and the actual changes during the year, the position for Keshav might change at the end of the year. If he has ensured that the necessary instalments for the year have been paid and that the schedule has been followed, the bank will issue another certificate to him at the end of the financial year. This is the final certificate that exactly measures the amount of the loan repaid and its break up into capital and interest. In this case, Keshav will get a certificate for Rs 15,714 of interest and Rs 4,182 of capital repaid.
Course of action for Keshav
Keshav has to ensure the necessary certificate is obtained from the bank in time as small compliance issues can derail the entire tax benefit. Keshav has to get this certificate after the financial year is over but before working on the tax-saving details for submission to the tax authorities while the provisional statement has to be obtained at the start of the year.
10 Responses to “Income Tax Rebate On Home Loans In India Tax Deduction Benefits On Interest As Well As Principle Payment”
kundan Kr Tiwari said on June 28th, 2010 at 10:40 am
i have taken the home lone jointly , Is this is possible take the benifit in I.tax only one person or take the benifit both person. If possible for one person give me the supporting docoments
dr vive said on August 26th, 2010 at 11:30 pm
My parents gited a plot to my wife(Properly registered by gift deed).My wife took loan of rupees 18lakh for raising construction from the bank.In the loan taken I was kept co-applicant. Is it possible for me also to take tax benefit being co-applicant in loan.As property – plot has ben gifted to my wife .My wife being a govt. employe is already taking tax benefit. I want to know that is it possible for both of us to take tax benefit by paying the loan jointly from the joint account and later we both claim 50 % amount of interest and 50 % amount of principal each.
Lorraine said on October 7th, 2010 at 3:24 pm
A grt article for novices in the home loan area.
Anil said on November 23rd, 2011 at 7:24 am
Sir, While doing registeration for the flat, I have paid 3.3 Lacs as various taxes to the governement , Is this amount deductible from the total income
vinod K said on January 9th, 2012 at 4:33 pm
My self and my wife together we hv taken a housing loan. Now both of us want to get tax benifit. How to get that. whoom should we write letter or some declaration is to be given? if so how?
ROHIT VERMA said on February 1st, 2012 at 3:17 pm
There is a housing loan of my wife. I am the guarenter of that loan. Further, the whole EMI is being paid by my salery account, because my wife has no any income. Me and my wife has jointly account, which is my salery account. Even that, the PAN number used for the housing loan of my wife is my PAN number.
Since, she is completely depend on me and since the whole EMI is being paid by my salery, May I take the tax-rebate of that home loan. She has given the no-objection certificate to claim for such tax-rebate.
Sanjay said on March 21st, 2012 at 9:11 pm
i live in Chennai. I am planning to buy a flat in Pune. For this i am taking home loan from a bank in Pune. I will be continuing to stay in Chennai only (that means i will not be occupying / possessing personally this flat). Can u plz clarify on the income tax benefit for this scenario??? my assumption is that i will be eligible for the interest portion of Rs. 150000/- (which will be directly deducted from my taxable income) & Rs. 100000/- for principal portion (which will come under savings ceiling of 100000/-). kindly clear my assumptions
Ravi Kumar said on May 9th, 2012 at 12:47 pm
If I purchase the car on finance.can the instalment apply for Rebate in income tax
praveen said on May 21st, 2012 at 12:15 pm
i purchased a land through home loan with the name of my mother,she is housewife.i paid emi.
can i took the any benifit against income tax.my mother and me have joint account.if i didnt any benifit on income tax so plz guide me for this benifit.i m a job holder in private concern.
Deepak Gupta said on July 13th, 2012 at 3:58 pm
I have taken a home loan against a 3 bhk flat around 4 years back.
I bought this flat from builder in pre-launched. Now I have done the entire payment (except stamp duty & registration) of my flat and got the possession.
When I am asking to get home loan rebate (on principle & interest), my employer is asking me to produce registered sale deed agreement.
Since all the flats are not completed yet I am unable to register my flat.
I wanted to know that is it really mandatory to have sale deed agreement in order to get income tax rebate on home loan. if yes do i have any alternate?
FYi. I have all documents except registered sale deed agreement i.e bank loan sanction letter, sale agreement, possession letter, Bank certificate for re-payment.